The Almagest by Claudius Ptolemy - 1551
Claudius Ptolemy's the "Almagest", which was edited by Erasmus Oswald Schreckenfuchs. The first part of the book consists of commentary by Schreckenfuchs. In the first several pages of the "Almagest" there are hand written margin notes by a previous owner. The "Almagest" was written by Claudius Ptolemy in Alexandria, Egypt during the 2nd century AD. The "Almagest summarizes Greek astronomy, which held that the Earth was the center of the Universe, and remained influential well into the Renaissance. It also contains a catalog 1022 stars presented in Book VII. The star catalog was based on observations made by the Greek astronomer Hipparchos.